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Linea vacca-vitello: differenze tra allevamento intensivoe gestione al pascolo. Una possibile alternativa per il mercato contemporaneo?


1. Alberta Agriculture and food, 2008. The beef cow calf manual, Alberta.

2. Barkema, H.W., von Keyserlingk, M.A.G., Kastelic, J.P., Lam, T.J.G.M., Luby, C., Roy, J.-P., LeBlanc, S.J., Keefe, G.P., and Kelton, D.F. 2015. Invited review: Changes in the dairy industry affecting dairy cattle health and welfare. J. Dairy Sci. 98, 7426-7445.

3. Blackie, N., Bleach, E., Amory, J. and Scaife, J., 2011. Impact of lameness on gait characteristics and lying behaviour of zero grazed dairy cattle in early lactation. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 129, 67-73.

4. Cardoso, C.C., Hötzel, M.J, Weary, D.M., Robbins, J.A., and von Keyserlingk, M.A.G., 2016. Imagining the ideal dairy farm. J. Dairy Sci. 99. 1663–1671.

5. Casey, Holden, 2006, Suckler, Ireland.

6. Compiani, Biancardi e Sgoifo Rossi. Il costo della manza da rimonta equivale al ricavo della vendita della vacca a fine carriera. Convegno “Quali opportunità per il comparto del bovino da carne?”, organizzato da Cozoseral, Alessandria, 22 gennaio 2013.

7. DairyCo. 2016. Available at: data/milkyield/average-milk- yield/#.WCSH5YbfWEc.

8. Donna M. Amaral-Phillips, Patty B. Scharko, John T. Johns, and Sharon Franklin, 2006. Feeding and Managing Baby Calves from Birth to 3 Months of Age. developed by the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service.

9. Donnola M.,2016. Pascolo Razionale: un’opportunità economica per gli allevatori? Ruminantia, n. 8.

10. FAO, 2019. Produzione globale di carne dal 1961 al 2018.

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12.Gemma L. Charlton S., Rutter M., 2017. Il comportamento dei bovini da latte stabulati in stalla con o senza accesso al pascolo. Harper Adams University, Edgmond, Newport, Shropshire, United Kingdom.

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14. Gomez, A. and Cook, N.B., 2010. Time budgets of lactating dairy cattle in commercial freestall herds. J. Dairy Sci. 93, 5772-5781.

15. Hammon H, Steinhoff-Wagner J, Flor J, Schönhusen U and Metges C 2013. Lactation biology symposium: role of colostrum and colostrum components on glucose metabolism in neonatal calves. Journal of Animal Science 91, 685-695.

16. Heather Smith T., (2009). The cattle health Handbook. Storey Publishing.

17. Hernandez-Mendo, O., von Keyserlingk, M.A.G., Veira, D.M. and Weary, D.M., 2007. Effects of pasture on lameness of dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci. 90, 1209-1214.

18. Hickson RE, Back PJ, Martin NP, Kenyon PR and Morris ST 2016. The influence of age and breed of cow on colostrum indicators of suckled beef calves. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society of Animal Production 76, 163-168.

19. Homerosky ER, Timsit E, Pajor EA, Kastelic JP and Windeyer MC 2017. Predictors and impacts of colostrum consumption by 4 h after birth in newborn beef calves. The Veterinary Journal 228, 1-6.

20. Hurley WH and Theil PK 2011. Perspectives on immunoglobulins in colostrum and milk. Nutrients 3, 442-474.

21. Informazione&Zootecnia Progetto realizzato da Associazione Regionale Allevatori dell’Umbria con il finanziamento del piano di sviluppo rurale per l’Umbria, 2007-2013, Misura 111 Azione A. Allevamenti sostenibili: Bovini da carne allo stato brado.

22. Larson RL, Tyler JW, Schultz LG, Tessman RK and Hostetler DE 2004. Management strategies to decrease calf death losses in beef herds. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 224, 42-48.

23. McGee M, Drennan MJ and Caffery PJ 2005. Effect of suckler cow genotype on cow serum immunoglobulin (Ig) levels, colostrum yield, composition and Ig concentration and subsequent immune status of their progeny. Irish Journal of Agriculture and Food Research 44, 173-183.

24. McGee M, Drennan MJ and Caffery PJ 2006. Effect of age and nutrient restriction pre partum on beef suckler cow serum immunoglobulin concentrations, colostrum yield, composition and immunoglobulin concentration and immune status of their progeny. Irish Journal of Agriculture and Food Research

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25. McGrath BA, Fox PF, McSweeney PLH and Kelly AL 2016. Composition and properties of bovine colostrum: a review. Dairy Science and Technology 96, 133-158.

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27. Motupalli, P. R., Sinclair, L. A., Charlton, G. L., Bleach, E. C. and Rutter, S. M., 2014. Pasture access increases dairy cow milk yield but preference for pasture is not affected by herbage allowance. J. Animal Sci. 92, 5175-5184.

28. National Research Council. 2001. Nutrient requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh revised edition, 2001Washington, DC: The National Academie.

29. Olmos, G., Boyle, L., Hanlon, A., Patton, J., Murphy, J.J. and Mee, J.F., 2009. Hoof disorders, locomotion ability and lying times of cubicle-housed compared to pasture-based dairy cows. Livest. Sci. 125, 199-207.

30. Pinehiro Machado L.C., 2003

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33. Rossi, J.E., T.D. Pringle, and J.K. Bertrand. 2004. Effects of sire marbling EPD and creep feeding on performance and carcass characteristics of Hereford calves. The Univ. of Georgia, CAES Dept. of Animal and Dairy Sci., Annual Report. 89-95.

Schenk, 2001

34. Schreiner, D.A. and Ruegg, P.L., 2003. Relationship between udder and leg hygiene scores and subclinical mastitis. J. Dairy Sci. 86, 3460-3465.

35. Sgoifo Rossi C.A., Blonda M., Biancardi M., Vandone M., Baldi G., Compiani R., (2013). Linea vacca vitello. Informatore Zootecnico.

36. Sgoifo Rossi C.A., Biancardi M., Vandone M., Selva M., Baldi G., Compiani R., 2013. Ristalli italiani di qualità. Allora convengono davvero.

37. Somers, J.G.C.J., Frankena, K., Noordhuizen-Stassen, E.N. and Metz, J.H.M. 2005. Risk factors for interdigital dermatitis and heel erosion in dairy cows kept in cubicle houses in The Netherlands. Prev. Vet. Med. 71, 23-34.

38. Special circular 311. Feeding the Newborn Dairy Calf. Special circular 311. Pennsylvania State University.

39. Sprecher, D.J., Hostetler, D.E. and Kaneene, J.B., 1997. A lameness scoring system that uses posture and gait to predict dairy cow reproductive performance. Theriogenology. 47, 1179-1187.

40. Tarr, S.L., D.B. Faulkner, D.D. Buskirk, F.A. Ireland, D.F. Parrett, and L.L. Berger. 1994. The value of creep feeding during the last 84, 56, or 28 days prior to weaning on growth performance of nursing calves grazing endophyte-infected tall fescue. J. Anim. Sci. 72:1084-1094.

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42. Todd CG, McGee M, Tiernan K, Crosson P, O’Riordan E, McClure J, Lorenz I and Earley B 2018. An observational study on passive immunity in Irish suckler beef and dairy calves: tests for failure of passive transfer of immunity and associations with health and performance. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 159,


43. Vanhonacker, F., Verbeke, W., Van Poucke, E. and Tuyttens, F.A.M. 2008. Do citizens and farmers interpret the concept of farm animal welfare differently. Livest. Sci. 116, 126-136.

44. Verge et al., (2008), Average Canadian beef.

45. Washburn, S.P., White, S.L., Green Jr., J.T. and Benson, G.A., 2002. Reproduction, mastitis, and body condition of seasonally calved Holstein and Jersey cows in confinement or pasture systems. J. Dairy Sci. 85, 105-111.

46. Webster, J. 1987. Understanding the Dairy Cow. Oxford: BSP Professional Books 

47. Webster, J. 1994. Animal Welfare: A Cool Eye towards Eden. Oxford: Blackwell Science.


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Intossicazione da alcaloidi: materie prime, micotossine e salute della scrofa

Le materie prime sono necessarie per l’alimentazione delle scrofe, poiché forniscono energia, proteine e nutrienti. Tuttavia, spesso nascondono insidie, quali i fattori anti-nutrizionali. Le micotossine sono alcuni di questi e sono estremamente numerose e pericolose per i riproduttori suini.


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