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L'infezione da Neospora caninum è considerata una delle più importanti cause infettive di aborto nei bovini da latte. Per intervenire sulla sua diffusione, in uno studio dell’Università di Hong Kong sono stati considerati e valutati quattro potenziali strumenti di controllo tra cui l’abbattimento degli animali positivi (test-and-cull), farmaci, vaccinazioni e allevamento selettivo. Il costo di ciascun mezzo di controllo, unitamente all'inevitabile perdita annuale dovuta alle dinamiche della popolazione, è stato adottato quale criterio di valutazione economica.